Are you wondering what the field work report is? Read all about it and the various sampling techniques involved in this thoroughly written article.
What is a Field Work Report?
This is a document of analysis of particular behavior, phenomena, and processes based on theories and observations that are done by the researcher in the field. These observed and analyzed theories are used to identify solutions for a specific project or case report.
What is the Importance of a Field Work Report?
A field study report is important as it is a part of several operational and technical documentation processes in many industries like education, field services, management, and medicine.
This field report also gives detailed information about a subject or specimen which is used to analyze and compare data against a theoretical framework.
Another important thing that a field study report does is that it helps in identifying challenges in implementing solutions to form a standardized protocol. It also helps get all the information on resource management and discover new processes for effective and optimized solutions.
How to Write Field Research Notes?
While you are working on field research, you must follow a planned route that includes taking notes for proper documentation of the observations by the researcher.
Based on the methods, the field research notes are categorized into four different types:
In this method, the researchers take field notes whilst they are conducting the study which is in close proximity and in open sight with the study’s subject. These notes are brief and concise and in a form.
Field Notes Proper
This method is to expand them immediately after the completion of the study. The notes are detailed and the words have to be as close to the terms that will be used in the final field study report.
These notes consist of research methods used by the researcher, newly proposed research methods, and how to monitor the progress. They are either attached with field notes or filed separately and are always placed at the end of the field study report.
Journals and Diaries
This is an insight into the researcher’s life as it documents and tracks all aspects of the researcher’s life. It also helps in eliminating any bias that may have affected the field research.
Data Collection in Field Report (Sampling Techniques)
The data collection process in the field study, known as sampling refers to the process used to select a portion of the population for study. It is imperative to obtain the richest possible source of information for research answers.
Different Types of Sampling Techniques
There are various kinds of sampling techniques. Let’s take a look at them.
Ad Libitum Sampling
This technique involves observing whatever looks interesting and it does not have an organized system of recording the observations.
Consists of watching the entire group of subjects and recording each occurrence of a specific behavior of interest with reference to which individuals were involved.
Includes recording of durations, frequencies, and latencies in a systematic and systematic pattern.
The focal sampling technique is basically observing one individual or subject for a specified time and recording all instances of that individual’s behavior.
The technique involves dividing observation sessions into short intervals by sample points.
The one-zero sampling technique is similar to instantaneous sampling. In this, you’re recording only if the behaviors of interest have occurred at any time during an interval instead of at the instant of the sampling point.
The scan sampling technique involves taking a census of the entire observed group at predetermined time periods and recording what each individual is doing at that moment.
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A field report is an important job that helps many industries in various ways. Hope by now you have understood what a field report is, what it means, its objectives, why it is important and the various sampling techniques involved.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What should a field report include?
It consists of two main components of field reporting: data collection and data reporting.
What is a field report?
A field report allows researchers to apply theories and analysis of what they have learned inside the classroom and during practical observation outside of the classroom.
What is the importance of a field report?
It provides a detailed description of an observed person, place, or event which is used to analyze and compare data over a theoretical framework.
What are the objectives of a field report?
A field report aims to conduct research based on reliable data generated by careful and structured observation of the following: