Thinking about how to start poultry farming in India? This article will give you all the details that you want on it.
Poultry farming is one of the fastest-growing divisions of the agriculture sector of our country. There have been big investments by the government, breeding, rearing and hatching processes to boost the growth of this business. Today around 3 million farmers and 15 million agricultural farmers are working in the poultry industry and have helped in the contribution of approximately Rs. 26,000 crores to the national income.
Benefits of Poultry Farming Business
The poultry farming business in India is one of the most profitable businesses in India that requires very little maintenance. No special skills are required to start, and it is booming in India on a remarkable note. There are many advantages of having a poultry farming business which is why so many farmers find value in it.
Below are the main benefits of starting a poultry farming business in India:
- A means of generating revenue.
- It is easy to opt for a license.
- There will be more job opportunities.
- At the commercial level, poultry farming is a profitable industry.
- Not highly skilled labour is required.
- You can start this business with a minimal amount of money.
- It’s a consistent source of revenue.
- Poultry farming uses less water.
- The nutritional value of poultry-farmed products is high.
- For aspiring entrepreneurs, it is a fantastic business prospect.
Capital Required To Start a Poultry Farming Business In India
All businesses require money to start and run but it is dependent upon several factors. Here are some pointers that are assigned based on the size and amount of money needed:
Small-Scale Poultry Farming
For a small-scale business in poultry farming in India, you would require anywhere between 2 lakh to 10 lakh Indian rupees.
Medium Scale Poultry Farming
Money for a medium-sized business would range from INR 10 lakh to INR 35 lakh.
Large Scale Poultry Farming
For a large-scale poultry farming business in India, you would require around 2-3 crore Indian rupees.
You can apply for a business loan with a bank, ask a friend or relative or apply for government schemes for your business.
Poultry Farm Business Plan
This is a business that consists of several categories of domestic birds that produces food such as eggs and meat. This is the fastest-growing business in our country where around 3 million farmers practice this business. What initially used to be limited to backyard farming has presently transformed and expanded into a techno-commercial industry.
How To Start Poultry Farming
Here are the steps to start your poultry farm.
Creating A Business Plan
Create a roadmap that consists of details of achieving your business goals.The business plan for poultry farming can consist of the following –
- A suitable location to start the poultry farm
- Deciding on the variety of birds on the farm
- List of required equipment
- Details related to various resources such as human resources, financial resources, etc.
- Details of processes such as egg production, broiler breeding, etc.
- Information on legal clearances required, such as licenses and permissions
- Plans for marketing and advertising strategies
Selection of Location and Procuring Required Equipment
Selecting a location is one of the most crucial steps of a business. You must look for a good place to start your business from. This is also one of the costliest steps but it would be worth every penny your spend if done right. The size of the land will depend on the type of business that you choose. There are four types of poultry farms:
1. Free Range Poultry Farm – Approximately 12,000 to 36,000 sq. ft. is required as birds will be allowed to move around freely.
2. Semi Range Poultry Farm – Approximately 8000 sq. ft. is required for this farm type.
3. Battery Cage Poultry Farm – Approximately 6,000 sq. ft. is required for the birds and infrastructure. On this type of farm, the birds will not be let loose to move around.
4. Completely Wild Poultry Farm – This type of farm is similar to the birds’ natural habitat with plenty of trees. Approximately 44,000 sq. ft. will be required for the same.
When looking for a location, you must look for a land that is situated far away from the city and in an area that is calm, pollution free and have all important amenities like fresh water. A market to buy commodities, is very easily accessible.
Deciding the Variation of Bird used in Poultry Farming
The biggest market for poultry around the world is definitely India. There is a variety of birds that are bred here like chickens, ducks, geese, turkeys, quail, guinea fowl etc. It is a fact that there are around 600 variations of chickens in the world and 92 are bred here in our country. The most common categories are:
They have a high growth rate and can reach their fully grown stage in 8 weeks. Broiler chickens also have a high quantity of meat.
These are a unique breed of hens. They begin laying from 18 to 19 weeks and can continue to do so until 72 to 78 weeks. Layer chickens can produce above 250 eggs annually, and they consume approximately 2.25 kg of feed.
Also known as a cock, are the male gallinaceous bird. When they are young, they are called a cockerel, and they are called a rooster when they become an adult. They take time to grow but can guard the hens laying eggs due to their territorial instincts. Roosters are capable of quickly adapting to changing environments, and therefore they can be conveniently transported.
Care And Management Of Poultry Farm
One must take all the precautionary measures for the birds’ health and safety, which would directly impact their proper nurturing and growth. While running a poultry farm there are some threats that lurk, and the main one remains poultry diseases.
Always provide clean water, regular vaccination and nutritious food to ensure that your birds are healthy.
Licenses/Permissions For Starting A Poultry Farm
Initially, it wasn’t very easy to obtain licenses and permits for a poultry farming business but once the popularity of the business grew, India’s Government is taking steps to support and promote the poultry farm business. Hence now one can start and maintain a poultry farm in India without much maintenance after getting the required permissions and licenses.
The licenses required to be procured by the owner of the poultry farm before starting the business in India are as follows –
- No Objection Certificate (NOC) from the local village Panchayat.
- No Objection Certificate (NOC) from the Pollution Board.
- Permission for the use of electricity. One will be required to use an electrical transformer depending on the size of the poultry farm.
- License from the Groundwater Department.
Marketing And Advertising
Decide a name for your business along with a unique logo which would make marketing your products in India very easy. You can choose to sell your products in the markets and even transport them to different cities.
Profit From Poultry Farm Business
This is a profitable business in which the average breakpoint period is around 6 months. The profit completely depends upon the size of the business. The bigger the business, the more profit. But you can also make a decent profit with a small-scale business.
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
How much does it cost to start a poultry farm in India?
To start poultry, you would need an investment of anywhere between INR 50,000 to 2 lakhs.
Is poultry farming a profitable business in India?
Yes, this is a profitable business as it is one of the biggest businesses to get into our country.
Which poultry is best in India?
These are some of the top chicken breeds in India for egg and meat:
Who is the mother of broiler poultry?
Wilmer Steel started Broiler Poultry Farming with around 500 Hens in the year 1923.
Which season is best for poultry farming?
The Winter season has a great effect on poultry production by lowering the temperature of the surroundings.
I hope by now you have understood how to start your poultry farming and what are the main steps. Remember that you should not compromise on anything as that could affect the health of the birds and ultimately your product. Make sure you abide by all the instructions as that would help you in having a great and successful business.